Children: Postural control of balance

From the study:

“From these indexes it was established that the postural capacity needed just to control balance with the leg muscles was not attained before 4-5 years of independent walking, i.e., at about 5-6 years of age.” -Breniere

reference link:

Exp Brain Res. 1998 Aug;121(3):255-62.Development of postural control of gravity forces in children during the first 5 years of walking.Brenière Y1, Bril B.

Things may not always be how they appear.

What can you notice about all these kids that you may not have noticed before?

Look north for a moment. What do you notice about all the kids with a head tilt? We are talking about girl in pink on viewers left, gentleman in red 2nd from left, blue shirt all the way on viewers right. Notice how the posture of the 2 on the left are very similar and the one on the right is the mirror image?

What can be said about the rest of their body posture? Can you see how the body is trying to move so that the eyes can be parallel with the horizon? This is part of a vestibulo cerebellar reflex. The system is designed to try and keep the eyes parallel with the horizon. The semicircular canals (see above), located medial to your ears, sense linear and angular acceleration. These structures feed head position information to the cerebellum which then forwards it to the vestibular nucleii, which sends messages down the vestibulo spinal tract and up the medial longitudinal fasiculus to adjust the body position and eye position accordingly. 

Can you see how when we add another parameter to the postural position (in this case, running; yes, it may be staged, but the reflex persists despite that. Neurology does not lie), that there can be a compensation that you may not have expected?

What if one of these 3 (or all three) kids had neck pain. Can you see how it may not be coming from the neck. What do you think happens with cortical (re)mapping over many years of a compensation like this? Hmmm. Makes you think, eh?

Ivo and Shawn. The Gait Guys. Taking you a little further down the rabbit hole, each and every post.

Podcast 49: Winter Running Biomechanical Problems

A. Link to our server:

B. iTunes link:

C. Gait Guys online /download store (National Shoe Fit Certification and more !) :

D. other web based Gait Guys lectures:   type in Dr. Waerlop or Dr. Allen,  ”Biomechanics”


* Today’s show notes:


1. Skulpt Aim: World’s First Device to Measure Muscle Fitness with One Touch | Indiegogo

3. Something to consider when it comes to injuries, whether they are closed injuries and certainly when they are open injuries !
Bacteria directly activate sensory nerves

Gait Talk:
4. walking on ice vs on slipper hardwood floors with socks.
what are the gait changes that need to be adapted
are their neurologic effects ?

5. The Pros and Cons of Stride Variability

Our Disclaimer !  
6. From a blog reader:
Hi Gait Guys – amazing wealth of info you’ve provided! I’ve been suffering from severe foot pain (peroneal tendonitis and general top/side foot pain) for about a year now which has turned me from very active to completely sedentary since I can hardly walk. My ortho gave up on me after 9 months of treatment incl. countless oral and injected steroids and 2 months in a boot. Then this morning I found your site – and the “The Gaits of Hell” video. That’s my walk!! Is it really all in my back?
7. From a blog reader
Question: when my feet point straight my knees point outward from my body. I’ve heard it called external femoral torsion …

8 . Effects of Nonslip Socks on the Gait Patterns of Older People When Walking on a Slippery Surface

9 . National Shoe Fit Program
10. Running Form: Recognizing Patterns and Posture